Developing the Mobility Credits Integrated Platform Enabling Travelers TO Improve Urban Transport Sustainability

DEMOCRITOS concerns the introduction of decentralized emission permits markets within the transport sector. Fuel taxation and other forms of road pricing have limits with regards to efficiency and social acceptability, for this reasons it seems worthwhile to explore the possibility to introduce transferable permits as an alternative means to attain Greenhouse Gases emissions objectives.
The project introduces the “Mobility Credits Model”1 as a transport specific platform that
will enable travellers, mobility providers, technology providers and transport planners to understand the implications of climate policy and increasing prices for greenhouse gas emissions and to identify new opportunities in urban mobility first and in extra-urban mobility later. Actually, the Mobility Credit Model will work at optimal conditions when implemented on a wide area: region, country, the European Union.
Mobility Credits Platform is one version of a wider concept, i.e. the application of transferable permits. This concept combines economic incentives and regulation by quantity. According to
Raux2: transferable permits cover a variety of instruments that range from the introduction of flexibility into traditional regulation to the organization of competitive markets for permits.
These instruments have in common: the setting of quantified physical constraints in the form of obligations, permits, credits or rights allocated to target groups of agents consuming scarce resources; and the permission granted to the agents to transfer these quotas between activities, products or places (offsetting), periods of time (banking) or to other agents (trading, hence “tradable permits”).